Before we start... The tragedy of Karbala is one of the most painful events ever happened on the face of earth. Considering the criticality of this event for Muslims and its place in Islamic history, it is important to understand the fact that over a period of time, a number of fabrications have made into the history of this event. In order to segregate real facts from suchfiction, in my opinion, we need to take following sequential approach:
1. Level 1: Read books of authentic scholars who have written history based on authentic chain of narrations. This has to be done in conjunction with guidance from authentic Islamic scholars to ensure correct understanding.
2. Level 2: The second stage in exploring this historical event correctly is to understand the correct methodology of writing and studying Islamic History (Usool at-Tarikh), which is a very close relative of Usool Al-hadith (science of interpreting hadith and its classifications). In this science, we study the authenticity of narrations in terms of:
Who is presenting the narration (Detailed biographies of narrators are available in books of Ilm ul Rijal enlisting their contributions and if they are reliable or not) and
The acceptability of chain of narrations (i.e. if there are any gaps in chain, any missing narrators, any narrators in sequence who did not have an opportunity to meet the proceeding narrator etc. - Ilm ul Asnad).
Islamic methodology (Usool) for interpreting the hadith and history are our great treasures. Most misconceptions come up ONLY when we do not assess things in the light of this critical branch of knowledge and base it on certain sectarian or emotional beliefs. With even a basic background in Usool-Al-Hadith, seekers of knowledge start seeing things in a much brighter light and many confusions get clarified. I would strongly recommend going through some books from our bookshelf on the topic of Usool al hadith.
Urdu Readers can make use of a scholarly critique made available to us by مستند اسلامی تاریخ: Click here to read. This review presents critical analysis of books of history and has a section dedicated to history of Karbala.
Audios on the tragedy of Karbala:
English - A detailed historical analysis by Dr. Yasir Qadhi - Listen: Part1, Part2
Urdu - Imam Hussain AS ki Shahadat - Sahih Hadees Ki Roshni Mein - Maulana Ishaq - Audio Urdu - Saneha e Karbala - Dr. Israr Ahmed - Watch Urdu - Shahadath E Hussain RA by Shk Tauseef Ur Rehman - Audio Urdu - Waqia e Karbala ki Haqeeqat - Mufti Tariq Masood - Audio
Urdu Shaheed e Karbala By Mufti Muhammad Shafi Read / Download
ENGLISH The Tragedy of Karbala By Dr. Israr Ahmed Read / Download
Urdu Rasoomat e Muharram ul Haram aur saniha e Karbala Read / Download
Urdu Waqia Karbala aur Yazeed ka Kirdar - Sheikh Mubashir Nazeer - Very useful book Read / Download
Urdu Hussain R.A. wa Yazeed Imam Ibn Taymiyyah Download
About the history of Karbala:
English - Karbala - A bloody conspiracy and the secrets behind it - Abu Muhammad Dawood Qadhi - Read / Download
English - The most unreliable book on the history of Karbala that has caused division in the Ummah (the shia resort to this account by Abu Mikhnaf mainly and the narrations from him through Hisham ibn al-Kalbi; Sunnis consider both of them to be extremely unreliable in their narrations) - Book name: The Events of Taff; Author: Abu Mikhnaf - Download / Alternate version: Read / Download
Urdu - Syeduna Imam Hussain Aur Marka E Haq Wa Batil - By Syed Muhammad Amjad Muneer Al Azhari سیدنا امام حسین علیہ السلام اور معرکہٗ حق و باطل از سید امجد منیر الازہری - (Maslak Brelviyyah) - Read / Download
Urdu - Waqia e Karbala aur Uss ka Pas Manzar - Maulana Attique ur Rahman Sanbhali - Read / Download
Urdu - Waqia e Karbala aur Uss ka Pas Manzar - Maulana Attique ur Rahman Sanbhali - CRITIQUE OF THE BOOK - Read / Download
Sindhi - Seerat ul-Hasnain (Sindhi) by Allama Muhammad Idrees Dahiri - Read / Download
Chinese - 正u说乐园中青年的领袖、殉教者 - 侯赛因传 (Imam Husain's Martyr) - Download
Yazid is one of the very contested personalities. Most of the scholars of the Sunni traditions (such as Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal and others) consider him a partner in the crime of the assassination of Hussain R.A., however, there were numerous other partners too. Imam Ahmed also forbade his son to curse him by name. However, there are others who disagree and consider him free of blame as he did not know what was happening on-ground in Karabala and Kufa; Ibn Ziyad was the governor there. There opinion of him being free of blame is based on a hadith regarding the army that would attack on Qustuntunia and wuold be forgiven. However, other scholars explain that the interpretation of these scholars that the hadith in question is about Yazid is a flawed understanding as there were other attacks before him.
Our perosnal opinion is what Imam Ahmed directed his son towards. Yazid is to be blamed for being partner in the brutalities against the grandson of the Prophe. However, because of various factors, cursing by name is not the way. And Allah knows best.
We have collected a few books below that talk for or against Yazid. We are collecting hwre for reference only.
It is to be noted that these books do not just deal with the personality of Yazid but also reflect upon the incidents and histroy of Karbala. They also highlight for us the fact that history books, unlike hadith books, never went through a rigorous authentication studies. They are therefore a mixed bag of things causing a lot of division in the ummah.
Urdu - Hayat e Yazeed - Azeem ud Din Siddiqui - Read / Download
Urdu - Manhaj e Ahl e Hadith aur Yazeed - by Umar Siddiq - Read / Download
Urdu - Shaheed e Karbala aur Yazeed - Qari Muhammad Tayyab - Read / Download
Urdu - Saee Us Saeed Fi Mawazina Syeduna Hussain Wa Yazeed - (Maslak Brelviyyah) - By Mufti Muhammad Ameen Naqshbandi R.a./ سعی السیعد فی موازنۃ سیدنا حسین و یزید از مفتی محمد امین رح - Read / Download
Urdu - Tabsira Bar Shaheed i Karbala Wa Yazeed By Abul Maasir Maulana Habib ur Rahman Azmi - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed Ibn Muawiyyah aur Jaish Maghfoor Lahum - Dr. Abu Jabir Abdullah - (Published by Abu Jabir Salafi Library) - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed Ki Shakhsiyat Allama Ibne Jaozi Ki Nazar Mein (یزید کی شخصیت علامہ ابن جوزی رحمتہ اللہ علیہ کی نظر میں) - Translation of Ar-Rad Ala Mutasib Al-Aneed - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed: Ibn Taymiyyah ki Nazar main - Sheikh Abdullah Danish - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed per Lanat ka Jawaz - Allama Ibn Al-Jawzi - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed Baydeed By Professor Ahmad Raza/ یزید حدیث و تاریخ کے آئینے میں از پروفیسر احمد رضا - Read / Download
Urdu - Yazeed - Ikabireen e Deoband ki Nazar main - Read / Download
Sindhi - At-Tardeed Al-Qawi Man Yuhibbu Yazeed Al Ghawee - Maulana Idris Naqshbandi - Read / Download