Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfeẓ-e Shīrāzī (Persian: خواجه شمسالدین محمد حافظ شیرازی), known by his pen name Hafez was a Persian poet.
Legacy: His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are often found in the homes of people in the Persian speaking world, who learn his poems by heart and still use them as proverbs and sayings. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-14th century Persian writing more than any other author.
Genre of poetry: Hafez is best known for his poems that can be described as "antinomian" and with the medieval use of the term "theosophical"; this term theosophy in the 13th and 14th centuries was used to indicate mystical work by "authors only inspired by the holy books" (as distinguished from theology). Hafez primarily wrote in the literary genre of lyric poetry, or ghazals, that is the ideal style for expressing the ecstasy of divine inspiration in the mystical form of love poems.
Theme of his works: Themes of his ghazals are 'the beloved', 'faith', and 'exposing hypocrisy'. In his ghazals, he deals with love, wine and tavern, all presenting the ecstasy and freedom from restraint, whether in actual worldly release or in the voice of the lover speaking of divine love.
Caution: His works are often filled with praise of wine and the beloved. Many take them in their literal meanings. To this, his falling in love with a women while working in a bakery is presented as one of the reasons why it is done so. Whereas, there are others who consider his work to be directed towards the divine with these aspects used just as symbols to convey a different meaning. Another aspect of his poetry is mocking of various religious customs of his time and satire about various religious aspects. This can also be interpreted both ways. We recommend our reads to practice caution and seek guidance from an authentic scholar.